9 letter word starting with g

Words Parts of Speech Meaning/Definition/Similar Words
gabardine noun Alt. of Gaberdine
gaberdine noun A coarse frock or loose upper garment formerly worn by Jews; a mean dress., See Gabardine.
gabionade noun A traverse made with gabions between guns or on their flanks, protecting them from enfilading fire., A structure of gabions sunk in lines, as a core for a sand bar in harbor improvements.
gabionage noun The part of a fortification built of gabions.
gaddingly adverb In a roving, idle manner.
gadolinia noun A rare earth, regarded by some as an oxide of the supposed element gadolinium, by others as only a mixture of the oxides of yttrium, erbium, ytterbium, etc.
gadolinic adjective Pertaining to or containing gadolinium.
gainsayer noun One who gainsays, contradicts, or denies.
gainstood imp. & past participle of Gainstand
gainstand verb t. To withstand; to resist.
gairishly noun Alt. of Gairish/ness
galactose noun A white, crystalline sugar, C6H12O6, isomeric with dextrose, obtained by the decomposition of milk sugar, and also from certain gums. When oxidized it forms mucic acid. Called also lactose (though it is not lactose proper).
galantine noun A dish of veal, chickens, or other white meat, freed from bones, tied up, boiled, and served cold.
galenical adjective Pertaining to, or containing, galena., Relating to Galen or to his principles and method of treating diseases.
galingale noun A plant of the Sedge family (Cyperus longus) having aromatic roots; also, any plant of the same genus.
gallanted imp. & past participle of Gallant
gallantly adverb In a polite or courtly manner; like a gallant or wooer., In a gallant manner.
gallantry noun Splendor of appearance; ostentatious finery., Bravery; intrepidity; as, the troops behaved with great gallantry., Civility or polite attention to ladies; in a bad sense, attention or courtesy designed to win criminal favors from a female; freedom of principle or practice with respect to female virtue; intrigue., Gallant persons, collectively.
gallature noun The tread, treadle, or chalasa of an egg.
galleries plural of Gallery
galletyle noun A little tile of glazed earthenware.
gallflies plural of Gallfly
gallicism noun A mode of speech peculiar to the French; a French idiom; also, in general, a French mode or custom.
gallicize verb t. To conform to the French mode or idiom.
galliform adjective Like the Gallinae (or Galliformes) in structure.
gallinule noun One of several wading birds, having long, webless toes, and a frontal shield, belonging to the family Rallidae. They are remarkable for running rapidly over marshes and on floating plants. The purple gallinule of America is Ionornis Martinica, that of the Old World is Porphyrio porphyrio. The common European gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) is also called moor hen, water hen, water rail, moor coot, night bird, and erroneously dabchick. Closely related to it is the Florida gallinule (Gallinula galeata).
gallivant verb i. To play the beau; to wait upon the ladies; also, to roam about for pleasure without any definite plan.
galliwasp noun A West Indian lizard (Celestus occiduus), about a foot long, imagined by the natives to be venomous.
gallooned adjective Furnished or adorned with galloon.
galloping present participle & vb. noun of Gallop, Going at a gallop; progressing rapidly; as, a galloping horse.
gallopade noun I horsemanship, a sidelong or curveting kind of gallop., A kind of dance; also, music to the dance; a galop., To gallop, as on horseback., To perform the dance called gallopade.
gallowses plural of Gallows
gallstone noun A concretion, or calculus, formed in the gall bladder or biliary passages. See Calculus, n., 1.
galvanism noun Electricity excited by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; dynamical electricity., The branch of physical science which treats of dynamical elecricity, or the properties and effects of electrical currents.
galvanist noun One versed in galvanism.
galvanize verb t. To affect with galvanism; to subject to the action of electrical currents., To plate, as with gold, silver, etc., by means of electricity., To restore to consciousness by galvanic action (as from a state of suspended animation); hence, to stimulate or excite to a factitious animation or activity., To coat, as iron, with zinc. See Galvanized iron.
gambadoes noun Same as Gamashes.
gambogian adjective Alt. of Gambogic
gambolled of Gambol
gamboling present participle & vb. noun of Gambol
game fowl A handsome breed of the common fowl, remarkable for the great courage and pugnacity of the males.
gammadion noun A cross formed of four capital gammas, formerly used as a mysterious ornament on ecclesiastical vestments, etc. See Fylfot.
gammoning present participle & vb. noun of Gammon, The lashing or iron band by which the bowsprit of a vessel is secured to the stem to opposite the lifting action of the forestays., The act of imposing upon or hoaxing a person.
gangliate adjective Alt. of Gangliated
ganglions plural of Ganglion
gangrened imp. & past participle of Gangrene
gannister noun A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; — used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.
ganoidian adjective & noun Ganoid.
gardening present participle & vb. noun of Garden, The art of occupation of laying out and cultivating gardens; horticulture.
gargalize verb t. To gargle; to rinse.
gargarism noun A gargle.
gargarize verb t. To gargle; to rinse or wash, as the mouth and throat.
garibaldi noun A jacket worn by women; — so called from its resemblance in shape to the red shirt worn by the Italians patriot Garibaldi., A California market fish (Pomancentrus rubicundus) of a deep scarlet color.
garlanded imp. & past participle of Garland
garmented p. adjective Having on a garment; attired; enveloped, as with a garment.
garnering present participle & vb. noun of Garner
garnished imp. & past participle of Garnish
garnishee noun One who is garnished; a person upon whom garnishment has been served in a suit by a creditor against a debtor, such person holding property belonging to the debtor, or owing him money., To make (a person) a garnishee; to warn by garnishment; to garnish., To attach (the fund or property sought to be secured by garnishment); to trustee.
garnisher noun One who, or that which, garnishes.
garniture verb t. That which garnishes; ornamental appendage; embellishment; furniture; dress.
garreteer noun One who lives in a garret; a poor author; a literary hack.
garreting noun Small splinters of stone inserted into the joints of coarse masonry.
garroting present participle & vb. noun of Garrote
garrulity noun Talkativeness; loquacity.
garrulous adjective Talking much, especially about commonplace or trivial things; talkative; loquacious., Having a loud, harsh note; noisy; — said of birds; as, the garrulous roller.
gartering present participle & vb. noun of Garter
gascoines noun pl. See Gaskins, 1.
gasconade noun A boast or boasting; a vaunt; a bravado; a bragging; braggodocio., To boast; to brag; to bluster.
gascoynes noun pl. Gaskins.
gasifying present participle & vb. noun of Gasify
gasometer noun An apparatus for holding and measuring of gas; in gas works, a huge iron cylinder closed at one end and having the other end immersed in water, in which it is made to rise or fall, according to the volume of gas it contains, or the pressure required.
gasometry noun The art or practice of measuring gases; also, the science which treats of the nature and properties of these elastic fluids.
gasoscope noun An apparatus for detecting the presence of any dangerous gas, from a gas leak in a coal mine or a dwelling house.
gaspereau noun The alewife.
gasserian adjective Relating to Casserio (L. Gasserius), the discover of the Gasserian ganglion.
gastornis noun A genus of large eocene birds from the Paris basin.
gastritis noun Inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucuos membrane.
gastropod noun One of the Gastropoda.
gastrulae plural of Gastrula
gatehouse noun A house connected or associated with a gate.
gathering present participle & vb. noun of Gather, The act of collecting or bringing together., That which is gathered, collected, or brought together, A crowd; an assembly; a congregation., A charitable contribution; a collection., A tumor or boil suppurated or maturated; an abscess., Assembling; collecting; used for gathering or concentrating.
gaucherie noun An awkward action; clumsiness; boorishness.
gaudiness noun The quality of being gaudy.
gaugeable adjective Capable of being gauged.
gauziness noun The quality of being gauzy; flimsiness.
gavelkind noun A tenure by which land descended from the father to all his sons in equal portions, and the land of a brother, dying without issue, descended equally to his brothers. It still prevails in the county of Kent.
gaveloche noun Same as Gavelock.
gazehound noun A hound that pursues by the sight rather than by the scent.
gazetting present participle & vb. noun of Gazette
gazetteer noun A writer of news, or an officer appointed to publish news by authority., A newspaper; a gazette., A geographical dictionary; a book giving the names and descriptions, etc., of many places., An alphabetical descriptive list of anything.
geckotian noun A gecko.
gelidness noun The state of being gelid; gelidity.
geloscopy noun Divination by means of laughter.
gelsemine noun An alkaloid obtained from the yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens), as a bitter white semicrystalline substance; — called also gelsemia.
gelsemium noun A genus of climbing plants. The yellow (false) jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is a native of the Southern United States. It has showy and deliciously fragrant flowers., The root of the yellow jasmine, used in malarial fevers, etc.
gemitores noun pl. A division of birds including the true pigeons.
gemmation noun The formation of a new individual, either animal or vegetable, by a process of budding; an asexual method of reproduction; gemmulation; gemmiparity. See Budding., The arrangement of buds on the stalk; also, of leaves in the bud.
gemminess noun The state or quality of being gemmy; spruceness; smartness.
gemmipara noun pl. Alt. of Gemmipares
gemmosity noun The quality or characteristics of a gem or jewel.
gems-horn noun An organ stop with conical tin pipes.
gendarmes plural of Gendarme
gendering present participle & vb. noun of Gender
genealogy noun An account or history of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor; enumeration of ancestors and their children in the natural order of succession; a pedigree., Regular descent of a person or family from a progenitor; pedigree; lineage.
generable adjective Capable of being generated or produced.
generalia noun pl. Generalities; general terms.
generally adverb In general; commonly; extensively, though not universally; most frequently., In a general way, or in general relation; in the main; upon the whole; comprehensively., Collectively; as a whole; without omissions.
generalty noun Generality.
generated imp. & past participle of Generate
generator noun One who, or that which, generates, begets, causes, or produces., An apparatus in which vapor or gas is formed from a liquid or solid by means of heat or chemical process, as a steam boiler, gas retort, or vessel for generating carbonic acid gas, etc., The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; — called also generating tone.
generical adjective Pertaining to a genus or kind; relating to a genus, as distinct from a species, or from another genus; as, a generic description; a generic difference; a generic name., Very comprehensive; pertaining or appropriate to large classes or their characteristics; — opposed to specific.
genetical adjective Pertaining to, concerned with, or determined by, the genesis of anything, or its natural mode of production or development.
geniality noun The quality of being genial; sympathetic cheerfulness; warmth of disposition and manners.
genitival adjective Possessing genitive from; pertaining to, or derived from, the genitive case; as, a genitival adverb.
genteelly adverb In a genteel manner.
gentianic adjective Pertaining to or derived from the gentian; as, gentianic acid.
gentilish adjective Heathenish; pagan.
gentilism noun Hethenism; paganism; the worship of false gods., Tribal feeling; devotion to one’s gens.
gentility noun Good extraction; dignity of birth., The quality or qualities appropriate to those who are well born, as self-respect, dignity, courage, courtesy, politeness of manner, a graceful and easy mien and behavior, etc.; good breeding., The class in society who are, or are expected to be, genteel; the gentry., Paganism; heathenism.
gentilize verb i. To live like a gentile or heathen., To act the gentleman; — with it (see It, 5)., To render gentile or gentlemanly; as, to gentilize your unworthy sones.
gentlemen plural of Gentleman
gentleman noun A man well born; one of good family; one above the condition of a yeoman., One of gentle or refined manners; a well-bred man., One who bears arms, but has no title., The servant of a man of rank., A man, irrespective of condition; — used esp. in the plural (= citizens; people), in addressing men in popular assemblies, etc.
gentlesse noun Gentilesse; gentleness.
genuflect verb i. To bend the knee, as in worship.
geocyclic adjective Of, pertaining to, or illustrating, the revolutions of the earth; as, a geocyclic machine., Circling the earth periodically.
geodesist noun One versed in geodesy.
geodetics noun Same as Geodesy.
geognosis noun Knowledge of the earth.
geography noun The science which treats of the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of the earth, including its structure, fetures, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is inhabited., A treatise on this science.
geologian noun A geologist.
geologist noun One versed in the science of geology.
geologize verb i. To study geology or make geological investigations in the field; to discourse as a geologist.
geologies plural of Geology
geomalism noun The tendency of an organism to respond, during its growth, to the force of gravitation.
geomancer noun One who practices, or is versed in, geomancy.
geomantic adjective Alt. of Geomantical
geometral adjective Pertaining to geometry.
geometric adjective Alt. of Geometrical
geometrid adjective Pertaining or belonging to the Geometridae., One of numerous genera and species of moths, of the family Geometridae; — so called because their larvae (called loopers, measuring worms, spanworms, and inchworms) creep in a looping manner, as if measuring. Many of the species are injurious to agriculture, as the cankerworms.
geoponics noun The art or science of cultivating the earth; agriculture.
georgical adjective Relating to agriculture and rural affairs.
geostatic adjective Relating to the pressure exerted by earth or similar substance.
geotropic adjective Relating to, or showing, geotropism.
gephyrean adjective Belonging to the Gephyrea. — n. One of the Gerphyrea.
geraniine noun Alt. of Geranine
gerfalcon noun See Gyrfalcon.
germander noun A plant of the genus Teucrium (esp. Teucrium Chamaedrys or wall germander), mintlike herbs and low shrubs.
germanism noun An idiom of the German language., A characteristic of the Germans; a characteristic German mode, doctrine, etc.; rationalism.
germanium noun A rare element, recently discovered (1885), in a silver ore (argyrodite) at Freiberg. It is a brittle, silver-white metal, chemically intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, resembles tin, and is in general identical with the predicted ekasilicon. Symbol Ge. Atomic weight 72.3.
germanize verb t. To make German, or like what is distinctively German; as, to Germanize a province, a language, a society., To reason or write after the manner of the Germans.
germarium noun An organ in which the ova are developed in certain Turbellaria.
germicide adjective Destructive to germs; — applied to any agent which has a destructive action upon living germs, particularly bacteria, or bacterial germs, which are considered the cause of many infectious diseases., A germicide agent.
germinant adjective Sprouting; sending forth germs or buds.
germinate verb i. To sprout; to bud; to shoot; to begin to vegetate, as a plant or its seed; to begin to develop, as a germ., To cause to sprout.
gerocomia noun See Gerocomy.
geropigia noun A mixture composed of unfermented grape juice, brandy, sugar, etc., for adulteration of wines.
gerundial adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a gerund; as, a gerundial use.
gerundive adjective Pertaining to, or partaking of, the nature of the gerund; gerundial., The future passive participle; as, amandus, i. e., to be loved.
gestation noun The act of wearing (clothes or ornaments)., The act of carrying young in the womb from conception to delivery; pregnancy., Exercise in which one is borne or carried, as on horseback, or in a carriage, without the exertion of his own powers; passive exercise.
gestatory adjective Pertaining to gestation or pregnancy., Capable of being carried or worn.
gesturing present participle & vb. noun of Gesture
get-penny noun Something which gets or gains money; a successful affair.
geyserite noun A loose hydrated form of silica, a variety of opal, deposited in concretionary cauliflowerlike masses, around some hot springs and geysers.
ghastness noun Ghastliness.
ghostfish noun A pale unspotted variety of the wrymouth.
ghostless adjective Without life or spirit.
ghostlike adjective Like a ghost; ghastly.
giantship noun The state, personality, or character, of a giant; — a compellation for a giant.
gibbartas noun One of several finback whales of the North Atlantic; — called also Jupiter whale.
gibbering present participle & vb. noun of Gibber
gibberish verb i. Rapid and inarticulate talk; unintelligible language; unmeaning words; jargon., Unmeaning; as, gibberish language.
gibbeting present participle & vb. noun of Gibbet
giddiness noun The quality or state of being giddy.
gigantean adjective Like a giant; mighty; gigantic.
gigantine adjective Gigantic.
gillhouse noun A shop where gill is sold.
gilt-edge adjective Alt. of Gilt-edged
gimleting present participle & vb. noun of Gimlet
ginglymus noun A hinge joint; an articulation, admitting of flexion and extension, or motion in two directions only, as the elbow and the ankle.
girandole noun An ornamental branched candlestick., A flower stand, fountain, or the like, of branching form., A kind of revolving firework., A series of chambers in defensive mines.
girondist noun A member of the moderate republican party formed in the French legislative assembly in 1791. The Girondists were so called because their leaders were deputies from the department of La Gironde., Of or pertaining to the Girondists.
glabellum noun The median, convex lobe of the head of a trilobite. See Trilobite.
glabreate verb t. Alt. of Glabriate
glabriate verb t. To make smooth, plain, or bare.
gladdened imp. & past participle of Gladden
gladiator noun Originally, a swordplayer; hence, one who fought with weapons in public, either on the occasion of a funeral ceremony, or in the arena, for public amusement., One who engages in any fierce combat or controversy.
gladiolus noun A genus of plants having bulbous roots and gladiate leaves, and including many species, some of which are cultivated and valued for the beauty of their flowers; the corn flag; the sword lily., The middle portion of the sternum in some animals; the mesosternum.
gladstone noun A four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two inside seats, calash top, and seats for driver and footman.
glaireous adjective Glairy; covered with glair.
glamourie noun Glamour.
glandered adjective Affected with glanders; as, a glandered horse.
glandular adjective Containing or supporting glands; consisting of glands; pertaining to glands.
glariness noun Alt. of Glaringness
glassfuls plural of Glassful
glassware noun Ware, or articles collectively, made of glass.
glasswork noun Manufacture of glass; articles or ornamentation made of glass.
glasswort noun A seashore plant of the Spinach family (Salicornia herbacea), with succulent jointed stems; also, a prickly plant of the same family (Salsola Kali), both formerly burned for the sake of the ashes, which yield soda for making glass and soap.
glaucodot noun A metallic mineral having a grayish tin-white color, and containing cobalt and iron, with sulphur and arsenic.
glaucosis noun Same as Glaucoma.
glebeless adjective Having no glebe.
glebosity noun The quality of being glebous.
glenlivat noun Alt. of Glenlivet
glenlivet noun A kind of Scotch whisky, named from the district in which it was first made.
glenoidal adjective Glenoid.
glidingly adverb In a gliding manner.
glimmered imp. & past participle of Glimmer
glimpsing present participle & vb. noun of Glimpse
glissando noun & adjective A gliding effect; gliding.
glissette noun The locus described by any point attached to a curve that slips continuously on another fixed curve, the movable curve having no rotation at any instant.
glistened imp. & past participle of Glisten
glistered imp. & past participle of Glister
glittered imp. & past participle of Glitter
globefish noun A plectognath fish of the genera Diodon, Tetrodon, and allied genera. The globefishes can suck in water or air and distend the body to a more or less globular form. Called also porcupine fish, and sea hedgehog. See Diodon.
globosely adverb In a globular manner; globularly.
globosity noun Sphericity.
globulite noun A rudimentary form of crystallite, spherical in shape.
globulous adjective Globular; spherical; orbicular.
glochidia plural of Glochidium
glomerate adjective Gathered together in a roundish mass or dense cluster; conglomerate., To gather or wind into a ball; to collect into a spherical form or mass, as threads.
glomerous adjective Gathered or formed into a ball or round mass.
glomerule noun A head or dense cluster of flowers, formed by condensation of a cyme, as in the flowering dogwood., A glomerulus.
glomeruli plural of Glomerulus
glorified imp. & past participle of Glorify
glorioser noun A boaster.
gossaries plural of Glossary
glossator noun A writer of glosses or comments; a commentator.
glossitis noun Inflammation of the tongue.
glowering present participle & vb. noun of Glower
glowingly adverb In a glowing manner; with ardent heat or passion.
glucoside noun One of a large series of amorphous or crystalline substances, occurring very widely distributed in plants, rarely in animals, and regarded as influental agents in the formation and disposition of the sugars. They are frequently of a bitter taste, but, by the action of ferments, or of dilute acids and alkalies, always break down into some characteristic substance (acid, aldehyde, alcohol, phenole, or alkaloid) and glucose (or some other sugar); hence the name. They are of the nature of complex and compound ethers, and ethereal salts of the sugar carbohydrates.
glueyness noun Viscidity.
glutazine noun A nitrogenous substance, forming a heavy, sandy powder, white or nearly so. It is a derivative of pyridine.
glutinate verb t. To unite with glue; to cement; to stick together.
glutinous adjective Of the nature of glue; resembling glue; viscous; viscid; adhesive; gluey., Havig a moist and adhesive or sticky surface, as a leaf or gland.
glycerate noun A salt of glyceric acid.
glyceride noun A compound ether (formed from glycerin). Some glycerides exist ready formed as natural fats, others are produced artificially.
glycerine noun An oily, viscous liquid, C3H5(OH)3, colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric, stearic, and palmitic. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called glycerol. See Note under Gelatin.
glycerite noun A medicinal preparation made by mixing or dissolving a substance in glycerin.
glycocoll noun A crystalline, nitrogenous substance, with a sweet taste, formed from hippuric acid by boiling with hydrochloric acid, and present in bile united with cholic acid. It is also formed from gelatin by decomposition with acids. Chemically, it is amido-acetic acid. Called also glycin, and glycocin.
glycogeny noun Alt. of Glycogenesis
glycolide noun A white amorphous powder, C4H4O, obtained by heating and dehydrating glycolic acid.
glyconian adjective & noun Glyconic.
glycosine noun An organic base, C6H6N4, produced artificially as a white, crystalline powder, by the action of ammonia on glyoxal.
glyoxalic adjective Pertaining to, or designating, an aldehyde acid, intermediate between glycol and oxalic acid.
glyptodon noun An extinct South American quaternary mammal, allied to the armadillos. It was as large as an ox, was covered with tessellated scales, and had fluted teeth.
gmelinite noun A rhombohedral zeolitic mineral, related in form and composition to chabazite.
gnathidia plural of Gnathidium
gnathonic adjective Alt. of Gnathonical
gnathopod noun A gnathopodite or maxilliped. See Maxilliped.
gneissoid adjective Resembling gneiss; having some of the characteristics of gneiss; — applied to rocks of an intermediate character between granite and gneiss, or mica slate and gneiss.
gneissose adjective Having the structure of gneiss.
gnomology noun A collection of, or a treatise on, maxims, grave sentences, or reflections.
gnomonics noun The art or science of dialing, or of constructing dials to show the hour of the day by the shadow of a gnomon.
gnomonist noun One skilled in gnomonics.
goblinize verb t. To transform into a goblin.
godfather noun A man who becomes sponsor for a child at baptism, and makes himself a surety for its Christian training and instruction., To act as godfather to; to take under one’s fostering care.
godliness noun Careful observance of, or conformity to, the laws of God; the state or quality of being godly; piety.
godlyhead noun Goodness.
godmother noun A woman who becomes sponsor for a child in baptism. See Godfather
goffering present participle & vb. noun of Goffer
goldcrest noun The European golden-crested kinglet (Regulus cristatus, or R. regulus); — called also golden-crested wren, and golden wren. The name is also sometimes applied to the American golden-crested kinglet. See Kinglet.
goldfinch noun A beautiful bright-colored European finch (Carduelis elegans). The name refers to the large patch of yellow on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; — called also goldspink, goldie, fool’s coat, drawbird, draw-water, thistle finch, and sweet William., The yellow-hammer., A small American finch (Spinus tristis); the thistle bird.
goldfinny noun One of two or more species of European labroid fishes (Crenilabrus melops, and Ctenolabrus rupestris); — called also goldsinny, and goldney.
goldsinny noun See Goldfinny.
goldsmith noun An artisan who manufactures vessels and ornaments, etc., of gold., A banker.
goltschut noun A small ingot of gold., A silver ingot, used in Japan as money.
gomphosis noun A form of union or immovable articulation where a hard part is received into the cavity of a bone, as the teeth into the jaws.
gonangium noun See Gonotheca.
gondolier noun A man who rows a gondola.
goniatite noun One of an extinct genus of fossil cephalopods, allied to the Ammonites. The earliest forms are found in the Devonian formation, the latest, in the Triassic.
gonocalyx noun The bell of a sessile gonozooid.
gonophore noun A sexual zooid produced as a medusoid bud upon a hydroid, sometimes becoming a free hydromedusa, sometimes remaining attached. See Hydroidea, and Illusts. of Athecata, Campanularian, and Gonosome., A lengthened receptacle, bearing the stamens and carpels in a conspicuous manner.
gonorrhea noun Alt. of Gonorrhoea
gonothec/ plural of Gonotheca
gonotheca noun A capsule developed on certain hydroids (Thecaphora), inclosing the blastostyle upon which the medusoid buds or gonophores are developed; — called also gonangium, and teleophore. See Hydroidea, and Illust. of Campanularian.
gonozooid noun A sexual zooid, or medusoid bud of a hydroid; a gonophore. See Hydroidea, and Illust. of Campanularian.
gode-year noun The venereal disease; — often used as a mild oath.
goodyship noun The state or quality of a goody or goodwife
goosander noun A species of merganser (M. merganser) of Northern Europe and America; — called also merganser, dundiver, sawbill, sawneb, shelduck, and sheldrake. See Merganser.
goosefish noun See Angler.
goosefoot noun A genus of herbs (Chenopodium) mostly annual weeds; pigweed.
gooseries plural of Goosery
goosewing noun One of the clews or lower corners of a course or a topsail when the middle part or the rest of the sail is furled.
gor-belly noun A prominent belly; a big-bellied person.
gordiacea noun pl. A division of nematoid worms, including the hairworms or hair eels (Gordius and Mermis). See Gordius, and Illustration in Appendix.
gorgonean adjective See Gorgonian, 1.
gorgoneia plural of Gorgoneion
gorgonian adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a Gorgon; terrifying into stone; terrific., Pertaining to the Gorgoniacea; as, gorgonian coral., One of the Gorgoniacea.
gorgonize verb t. To have the effect of a Gorgon upon; to turn into stone; to petrify.
gormander noun See Gormand, n.
gospelize verb t. To form according to the gospel; as, a command gospelized to us., To instruct in the gospel; to evangelize; as, to gospelize the savages.
gossamery adjective Like gossamer; flimsy.
gossiping present participle & vb. noun of Gossip
gossypium noun A genus of plants which yield the cotton of the arts. The species are much confused. G. herbaceum is the name given to the common cotton plant, while the long-stapled sea-island cotton is produced by G. Barbadense, a shrubby variety. There are several other kinds besides these.
gothamist noun A wiseacre; a person deficient in wisdom; — so called from Gotham, in Nottinghamshire, England, noted for some pleasant blunders.
gothamite noun A gothamist., An inhabitant of New York city.
gothicism noun A Gothic idiom., Conformity to the Gothic style of architecture., Rudeness of manners; barbarousness.
gothicize verb t. To make Gothic; to bring back to barbarism.
gourdworm noun The fluke of sheep. See Fluke.
goutiness noun The state of being gouty; gout.
governing present participle & vb. noun of Govern, Holding the superiority; prevalent; controlling; as, a governing wind; a governing party in a state., Requiring a particular case.
governail noun Management; mastery.
governess noun A female governor; a woman invested with authority to control and direct; especially, one intrusted with the care and instruction of children, — usually in their homes.
grabbling present participle & vb. noun of Grabble
graceless adjective Wanting in grace or excellence; departed from, or deprived of, divine grace; hence, depraved; corrupt., Unfortunate. Cf. Grace, n., 4.
gracility noun State of being gracilent; slenderness.
gradation noun The act of progressing by regular steps or orderly arrangement; the state of being graded or arranged in ranks; as, the gradation of castes., The act or process of bringing to a certain grade., Any degree or relative position in an order or series., A gradual passing from one tint to another or from a darker to a lighter shade, as in painting or drawing., A diatonic ascending or descending succession of chords., To form with gradations.
gradatory adjective Proceeding step by step, or by gradations; gradual., Suitable for walking; — said of the limbs of an animal when adapted for walking on land., A series of steps from a cloister into a church.
gradually adverb In a gradual manner., In degree.
graduated imp. & past participle of Graduate, Marked with, or divided into, degrees; divided into grades., Tapered; — said of a bird’s tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.
graduator noun One who determines or indicates graduation; as, a graduator of instruments., An instrument for dividing any line, right or curve, into small, regular intervals., An apparatus for diffusing a solution, as brine or vinegar, over a large surface, for exposure to the air.
grahamite noun One who follows the dietetic system of Graham.
graining. present participle & vb. noun of Grain
gramashes noun pl. Gaiters reaching to the knee; leggings.
gramineal adjective Gramineous.
grammates noun pl. Rudiments; first principles, as of grammar.
grammatic adjective Grammatical.
grampuses plural of Grampus
granaries plural of Granary
granatite noun See Staurolite.
grandaunt noun The aunt of one’s father or mother.
grandific adjective Making great.
grandiose adjective Impressive or elevating in effect; imposing; splendid; striking; — in a good sense., Characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor; flaunting; turgid; bombastic; — in a bad sense; as, a grandiose style.
grandness noun Grandeur.
grandpapa noun A grandfather.
grandsire noun Specifically, a grandfather; more generally, any ancestor.
graniform adjective Formed like of corn.
granitoid adjective Resembling granite in granular appearance; as, granitoid gneiss; a granitoid pavement.
grantable adjective Capable of being granted.
granulary adjective Granular.
granulate verb t. To form into grains or small masses; as, to granulate powder, sugar, or metal., To raise in granules or small asperities; to make rough on the surface., To collect or be formed into grains; as, cane juice granulates into sugar., Alt. of Granulated
granulite noun A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; — sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.
granulose noun The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.
granulous adjective Full of grains; abounding with granular substances; granular.
grapeless adjective Wanting grapes or the flavor of grapes.
grapeshot noun A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.
grapevine noun A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.
graphical adjective Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing., Of or pertaining to the art of writing., Written or engraved; formed of letters or lines., Well delineated; clearly and vividly described., Having the faculty of, or characterized by, clear and impressive description; vivid; as, a graphic writer.
graphitic adjective Pertaining to, containing, derived from, or resembling, graphite.
grappling present participle & vb. noun of Grapple, A laying fast ho1d of; also, that by which anything is seized and held, a grapnel., A grapple; a struggle. A match for yards in fight, in grappling for the bear.
graspable adjective Capable of being grasped.
graspless adjective Without a grasp; relaxed.
grassless adjective Destitute of grass.
grassplot noun A plot or space covered with grass; a lawn.
graticule noun A design or draught which has been divided into squares, in order to reproduce it in other dimensions.
glatified adjective Pleased; indulged according to desire.
gratifier noun One who gratifies or pleases.
gratified imp. & past participle of Gratify
gratiolin noun One of the essential principles of the hedge hyssop (Gratiola officinalis).
gratitude adjective The state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; kindness awakened by a favor received; thankfulness.
gratulate adjective To salute with declaration of joy; to congratulate., Worthy of gratulation.
grauwacke noun Graywacke.
gravamina plural of Gravamen
gravamens plural of Gravamen
gravelled of Gravel
graveling present participle & vb. noun of Gravel, Alt. of Gravelling, Alt. of Gravelling
graveless adjective Without a grave; unburied.
graveness noun The quality of being grave.
graveyard noun A yard or inclosure for the interment of the dead; a cemetery.
gravidity noun The state of being gravidated; pregnancy.
gravitate verb i. To obey the law of gravitation; to exert a force Or pressure, or tend to move, under the influence of gravitation; to tend in any direction or toward any object.
gravities plural of Gravity
graybeard noun An old man.
grayhound noun See Greyhound.
graywacke noun A conglomerate or grit rock, consisting of rounded pebbles sand firmly united together.
greatcoat noun An overcoat.
greatness noun The state, condition, or quality of being great; as, greatness of size, greatness of mind, power, etc., Pride; haughtiness.
grecizing present participle & vb. noun of Grecize
greekling noun A little Greek, or one of small esteem or pretensions.
greenback noun One of the legal tender notes of the United States; — first issued in 1862, and having the devices on the back printed with green ink, to prevent alterations and counterfeits.
greenbone noun Any garfish (Belone or Tylosurus)., The European eelpout.
greenfish noun See Bluefish, and Pollock.
greengage noun A kind of plum of medium size, roundish shape, greenish flesh, and delicious flavor. It is called in France Reine Claude, after the queen of Francis I. See Gage.
greengill noun An oyster which has the gills tinged with a green pigment, said to be due to an abnormal condition of the blood.
greenhead noun The mallard., The striped bass. See Bass., Alt. of Greenhood
greenhood noun A state of greenness; verdancy.
greenhorn noun A raw, inexperienced person; one easily imposed upon.
greenness noun The quality of being green; viridity; verdancy; as, the greenness of grass, or of a meadow., Freshness; vigor; newness., Immaturity; unripeness; as, the greenness of fruit; inexperience; as, the greenness of youth.
greenroom noun The retiring room of actors and actresses in a theater.
greensand noun A variety of sandstone, usually imperfectly consolidated, consisting largely of glauconite, a silicate of iron and potash of a green color, mixed with sand and a trace of phosphate of lime.
greenweed noun See Greenbroom.
greenwood noun A forest as it appears is spring and summer., Pertaining to a greenwood; as, a greenwood shade.
gregarian adjective Gregarious; belonging to the herd or common sort; common.
gregarine adjective Of or pertaining to the Gregarinae., One of the Gregarinae.
gregorian adjective Pertaining to, or originated by, some person named Gregory, especially one of the popes of that name.
greillade noun Iron ore in coarse powder, prepared for reduction by the Catalan process.
grenadier noun Originaly, a soldier who carried and threw grenades; afterward, one of a company attached to each regiment or battalion, taking post on the right of the line, and wearing a peculiar uniform. In modern times, a member of a special regiment or corps; as, a grenadier of the guard of Napoleon I. one of the regiment of Grenadier Guards of the British army, etc., Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; — called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish., A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.
grenadine noun A thin gauzelike fabric of silk or wool, for women’s wear., A trade name for a dyestuff, consisting essentially of impure fuchsine.
greyhound noun A slender, graceful breed of dogs, remarkable for keen sight and swiftness. It is one of the oldest varieties known, and is figured on the Egyptian monuments.
griefless adjective Without grief.
grievable adjective Lamentable.
grievance verb t. A cause of uneasiness and complaint; a wrong done and suffered; that which gives ground for remonstrance or resistance, as arising from injustice, tyranny, etc.; injury., Grieving; grief; affliction.
grimalkin noun An old cat, esp. a she-cat.
griminess noun The state of being grimy.
grindelia noun The dried stems and leaves of tarweed (Grindelia), used as a remedy in asthma and bronchitis.
gripingly adverb In a griping or oppressive manner.
grisaille noun Decorative painting in gray monochrome; — used in English especially for painted glass., A kind of French fancy dress goods.
grisamber noun Ambergris.
gristmill noun A mill for grinding grain; especially, a mill for grinding grists, or portions of grain brought by different customers; a custom mill.
gritstone noun See Grit, n., 4.
grizzlies plural of Grizzly
groceries plural of Grocery
groomsmen plural of Groomsman
groomsman noun A male attendant of a bridegroom at his wedding; — the correlative of bridesmaid.
grosgrain adjective Of a coarse texture; — applied to silk with a heavy thread running crosswise.
grossbeak noun See Grosbeak.
grossness noun The state or quality of being gross; thickness; corpulence; coarseness; shamefulness.
grossular adjective Pertaining too, or resembling, a gooseberry; as, grossular garnet., A translucent garnet of a pale green color like that of the gooseberry; — called also grossularite.
grossulin noun A vegetable jelly, resembling pectin, found in gooseberries (Ribes Grossularia) and other fruits.
grotesgue adjective Like the figures found in ancient grottoes; grottolike; wildly or strangely formed; whimsical; extravagant; of irregular forms and proportions; fantastic; ludicrous; antic.
grotesque noun A whimsical figure, or scene, such as is found in old crypts and grottoes., Artificial grotto-work.
grounding present participle & vb. noun of Ground, The act, method, or process of laying a groundwork or foundation; hence, elementary instruction; the act or process of applying a ground, as of color, to wall paper, cotton cloth, etc.; a basis.
groundage noun A local tax paid by a ship for the ground or space it occupies while in port.
groundnut noun The fruit of the Arachis hypogaea (native country uncertain); the peanut; the earthnut., A leguminous, twining plant (Apios tuberosa), producing clusters of dark purple flowers and having a root tuberous and pleasant to the taste., The dwarf ginseng (Aralia trifolia)., A European plant of the genus Bunium (B. flexuosum), having an edible root of a globular shape and sweet, aromatic taste; — called also earthnut, earth chestnut, hawknut, and pignut.
groundsel verb An annual composite plant (Senecio vulgaris), one of the most common and widely distributed weeds on the globe., Alt. of Groundsill
grouthead noun See Growthead.
grovelled of Grovel
groveling present participle & vb. noun of Grovel, Lying prone; low; debased.
growthead noun A lazy person; a blockhead.
growthful adjective Having capacity of growth.
grudgeful adjective Full of grudge; envious.
grudgeons noun pl. Alt. of Gurgeons
grumbling present participle & vb. noun of Grumble
gruntling noun A young hog.
guanidine noun A strongly alkaline base, CN3H5, formed by the oxidation of guanin, and also obtained combined with methyl in the decomposition of creatin. Boiled with dilute sulphuric acid, it yields urea and ammonia.
guaranine noun An alkaloid extracted from guarana. Same as Caffeine.
guarantee noun In law and common usage: A promise to answer for the payment of some debt, or the performance of some duty, in case of the failure of another person, who is, in the first instance, liable to such payment or performance; an engagement which secures or insures another against a contingency; a warranty; a security. Same as Guaranty., One who binds himself to see an undertaking of another performed; a guarantor., The person to whom a guaranty is made; — the correlative of guarantor., In law and common usage: to undertake or engage for the payment of (a debt) or the performance of (a duty) by another person; to undertake to secure (a possession, right, claim, etc.) to another against a specified contingency, or at all avents; to give a guarantee concerning; to engage, assure, or secure as a thing that may be depended on; to warrant; as, to guarantee the execution of a treaty.
guarantor noun One who makes or gives a guaranty; a warrantor; a surety., One who engages to secure another in any right or possession.
guaranies plural of Guaranty
guardable verb t. Capable of being guarded or protected.
guardfish noun The garfish.
guardless adjective Without a guard or defense; unguarded.
guardroom noun The room occupied by the guard during its term of duty; also, a room where prisoners are confined.
guardship noun Care; protection.
guardsmen plural of Guardsman
guardsman noun One who guards; a guard., A member, either officer or private, of any military body called Guards.
gubernate verb t. To govern.
guerrilla noun An irregular mode of carrying on war, by the constant attacks of independent bands, adopted in the north of Spain during the Peninsular war., One who carries on, or assists in carrying on, irregular warfare; especially, a member of an independent band engaged in predatory excursions in war time., Pertaining to, or engaged in, warfare carried on irregularly and by independent bands; as, a guerrilla party; guerrilla warfare.
guessable adjective Capable of being guessed.
guesswork noun Work performed, or results obtained, by guess; conjecture.
guestwise adverb In the manner of a guest.
guidebook noun A book of directions and information for travelers, tourists, etc.
guideless adjective Without a guide.
guidepost noun A post at the fork of a road, with a guideboard on it, to direct travelers.
guideress noun A female guide.
guildable adjective Liable to a tax.
guildhall noun The hall where a guild or corporation usually assembles; a townhall.
guileless adjective Free from guile; artless.
guillemet noun A quotation mark.
guillemot noun One of several northern sea birds, allied to the auks. They have short legs, placed far back, and are expert divers and swimmers.
guillevat noun A vat for fermenting liquors.
guilloche noun An ornament in the form of two or more bands or strings twisted over each other in a continued series, leaving circular openings which are filled with round ornaments.
guiltless adjective Free from guilt; innocent., Without experience or trial; unacquainted (with).
gulleting noun A system of excavating by means of gullets or channels.
gummatous adjective Belonging to, or resembling, gumma.
gumminess noun The state or quality of being gummy; viscousness.
gummosity noun Gumminess; a viscous or adhesive quality or nature.
guncotton See under Gun.
gunocracy noun See Gyneocracy.
gunpowder noun A black, granular, explosive substance, consisting of an intimate mechanical mixture of niter, charcoal, and sulphur. It is used in gunnery and blasting.
gushingly adverb In a gushing manner; copiously., Weakly; sentimentally; effusively.
gustation noun The act of tasting.
gustatory adjective Pertaining to, or subservient to, the sense of taste; as, the gustatory nerve which supplies the front of the tongue.
guttatrap noun The inspissated juice of a tree of the genus Artocarpus (A. incisa, or breadfruit tree), sometimes used in making birdlime, on account of its glutinous quality.
guttering present participle & vb. noun of Gutter
guttiform adjective Drop-shaped, as a spot of color.
guttulous adjective In droplike form.
gutturine adjective Pertaining to the throat.
gutturize verb t. To make in the throat; to gutturalize.
gymnasium noun A place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics., A school for the higher branches of literature and science; a preparatory school for the university; — used esp. of German schools of this kind.
gymnastic adjective Alt. of Gymnastical, A gymnast.
gymnocopa noun pl. A group of transparent, free-swimming Annelida, having setae only in the cephalic appendages.
gymnocyte noun A cytode without a proper cell wall, but with a nucleus.
gymnodont noun One of a group of plectognath fishes (Gymnodontes), having the teeth and jaws consolidated into one or two bony plates, on each jaw, as the diodonts and tetradonts. See Bur fish, Globefish, Diodon.
gymnonoti noun pl. The order of fishes which includes the Gymnotus or electrical eel. The dorsal fin is wanting.
gymnotoka noun pl. The Athecata.
gynaeceum noun Alt. of Gynaecium
gynaecium noun The part of a large house, among the ancients, exclusively appropriated to women.
gynaecian adjective The same as Gynecian.
gynandria noun pl. A class of plants in the Linnaean system, whose stamens grow out of, or are united with, the pistil.
gynobasic adjective Pertaining to, or having, a gynobase.
gynocracy noun Female government; gynecocracy.
gynoecium noun The pistils of a flower, taken collectively. See Illust. of Carpophore.
gynophore noun The pedicel raising the pistil or ovary above the stamens, as in the passion flower., One of the branches bearing the female gonophores, in certain Siphonophora.
gypsywort noun A labiate plant (the Lycopus Europaeus). Gypsies are said to stain their skin with its juice.
gyrfalcon noun One of several species and varieties of large Arctic falcons, esp. Falco rusticolus and the white species F. Islandicus, both of which are circumpolar. The black and the gray are varieties of the former. See Illust. of Accipiter.
gyrolepis noun A genus of ganoid fishes, found in strata of the new red sandetone, and the lias bone beds.
gyromancy noun A kind of divination performed by drawing a ring or circle, and walking in or around it.
gyroscope noun A rotating wheel, mounted in a ring or rings, for illustrating the dynamics of rotating bodies, the composition of rotations, etc. It was devised by Professor W. R. Johnson, in 1832, by whom it was called the rotascope., A form of the above apparatus, invented by M. Foucault, mounted so delicately as to render visible the rotation of the earth, through the tendency of the rotating wheel to preserve a constant plane of rotation, independently of the earth’s motion.