4 letter word starting with j

Words Parts of Speech Meaning/Definition/Similar Words
jack noun A large tree, the Artocarpus integrifolia, common in the East Indies, closely allied to the breadfruit, from which it differs in having its leaves entire. The fruit is of great size, weighing from thirty to forty pounds, and through its soft fibrous matter are scattered the seeds, which are roasted and eaten. The wood is of a yellow color, fine grain, and rather heavy, and is much used in cabinetwork. It is also used for dyeing a brilliant yellow., A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John., An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic., A popular colloquial name for a sailor; — called also Jack tar, and Jack afloat., A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack, A device to pull off boots., A sawhorse or sawbuck., A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke jack, or kitchen jack., A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting., A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles., A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box., A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine., A compact, portable machine for planing metal., A machine for slicking or pebbling leather., A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed., A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught., In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; — called also hopper., In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself., A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack., The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls., The male of certain animals, as of the ass., A young pike; a pickerel., The jurel., A large, California rock fish (Sebastodes paucispinus); — called also boccaccio, and merou., The wall-eyed pike., A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint., A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; — called also union jack. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State., A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; — called also jack crosstree., The knave of a suit of playing cards., A coarse and cheap mediaeval coat of defense, esp. one made of leather., A pitcher or can of waxed leather; — called also black jack., To hunt game at night by means of a jack. See 2d Jack, n., 4, n., To move or lift, as a house, by means of a jack or jacks. See 2d Jack, n., 5.
jade noun A stone, commonly of a pale to dark green color but sometimes whitish. It is very hard and compact, capable of fine polish, and is used for ornamental purposes and for implements, esp. in Eastern countries and among many early peoples., A mean or tired horse; a worthless nag., A disreputable or vicious woman; a wench; a quean; also, sometimes, a worthless man., A young woman; — generally so called in irony or slight contempt., To treat like a jade; to spurn., To make ridiculous and contemptible., To exhaust by overdriving or long-continued labor of any kind; to tire or wear out by severe or tedious tasks; to harass., To become weary; to lose spirit.
jagg verb t. & noun See Jag.
jail noun A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding., To imprison.
jain noun Alt. of Jaina
jako noun An African parrot (Psittacus erithacus), very commonly kept as a cage bird; — called also gray parrot.
jamb noun The vertical side of any opening, as a door or fireplace; hence, less properly, any narrow vertical surface of wall, as the of a chimney-breast or of a pier, as distinguished from its face., Any thick mass of rock which prevents miners from following the lode or vein., See Jam, v. t.
jane noun A coin of Genoa; any small coin., A kind of twilled cotton cloth. See Jean.
jant verb i. See Jaunt.
jape verb i. To jest; to play tricks; to jeer., To mock; to trick.
jarl noun A chief; an earl; in English history, one of the leaders in the Danish and Norse invasions.
jasp noun Jasper.
java noun One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands., Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java.
jawn verb i. See Yawn.
jawy adjective Relating to the jaws.
jean noun A twilled cotton cloth.
jeat noun See Jet.
jeel noun A morass; a shallow lake.
jeer noun A gear; a tackle., An assemblage or combination of tackles, for hoisting or lowering the lower yards of a ship., To utter sarcastic or scoffing reflections; to speak with mockery or derision; to use taunting language; to scoff; as, to jeer at a speaker., To treat with scoffs or derision; to address with jeers; to taunt; to flout; to mock at., A railing remark or reflection; a scoff; a taunt; a biting jest; a flout; a jibe; mockery.
jehu noun A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously.
jell verb i. To jelly.
jerk verb t. To cut into long slices or strips and dry in the sun; as, jerk beef. See Charqui., To beat; to strike., To give a quick and suddenly arrested thrust, push, pull, or twist, to; to yerk; as, to jerk one with the elbow; to jerk a coat off., To throw with a quick and suddenly arrested motion of the hand; as, to jerk a stone., To make a sudden motion; to move with a start, or by starts., To flout with contempt., A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion., A sudden start or spring.
jess noun A short strap of leather or silk secured round the leg of a hawk, to which the leash or line, wrapped round the falconer’s hand, was attached when used. See Illust. of Falcon.
jest noun A deed; an action; a gest., A mask; a pageant; an interlude., Something done or said in order to amuse; a joke; a witticism; a jocose or sportive remark or phrase. See Synonyms under Jest, v. i., The object of laughter or sport; a laughingstock., To take part in a merrymaking; — especially, to act in a mask or interlude., To make merriment by words or actions; to joke; to make light of anything.
jibe verb i. To shift, as the boom of a fore-and-aft sail, from one side of a vessel to the other when the wind is aft or on the quarter. See Gybe., To change a ship’s course so as to cause a shifting of the boom. See Jibe, v. t., and Gybe., To agree; to harmonize.
jill noun A young woman; a sweetheart. See Gill.
jilt noun A woman who capriciously deceives her lover; a coquette; a flirt., To cast off capriciously or unfeeling, as a lover; to deceive in love., To play the jilt; to practice deception in love; to discard lovers capriciously.
jimp adjective Neat; handsome; elegant. See Gimp.
jinn noun See Jinnee., of Jinnee
joes plural of Jo
john noun A proper name of a man.
join verb t. To bring together, literally or figuratively; to place in contact; to connect; to couple; to unite; to combine; to associate; to add; to append., To associate one’s self to; to be or become connected with; to league one’s self with; to unite with; as, to join a party; to join the church., To unite in marriage., To enjoin upon; to command., To accept, or engage in, as a contest; as, to join encounter, battle, issue., To be contiguous, close, or in contact; to come together; to unite; to mingle; to form a union; as, the hones of the skull join; two rivers join., The line joining two points; the point common to two intersecting lines.
joke noun Something said for the sake of exciting a laugh; something witty or sportive (commonly indicating more of hilarity or humor than jest); a jest; a witticism; as, to crack good-natured jokes., Something not said seriously, or not actually meant; something done in sport., To make merry with; to make jokes upon; to rally; to banter; as, to joke a comrade., To do something for sport, or as a joke; to be merry in words or actions; to jest.
jole verb t. & noun Alt. of Joll
joll verb t. & noun Same as Jowl.
jolt verb i. To shake with short, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage moving on rough ground; as, the coach jolts., To cause to shake with a sudden up and down motion, as in a carriage going over rough ground, or on a high-trotting horse; as, the horse jolts the rider; fast driving jolts the carriage and the passengers., A sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, as in a carriage moving over rough ground.
joso noun A small gudgeon.
joss noun A Chinese household divinity; a Chinese idol.
jouk verb i. See Juke.
joul verb t. See Jowl.
jove noun The chief divinity of the ancient Romans; Jupiter., The planet Jupiter., The metal tin.
jowl noun The cheek; the jaw., To throw, dash, or knock.
juba noun The mane of an animal., A loose panicle, the axis of which falls to pieces, as in certain grasses.
jube noun chancel screen or rood screen., gallery above such a screen, from which certain parts of the service were formerly read.
juge noun A judge.
juga plural of Jugum
juke verb i. To bend the neck; to bow or duck the head., The neck of a bird., To perch on anything, as birds do.
juli plural of Julus
july noun The seventh month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
jump noun A kind of loose jacket for men., A bodice worn instead of stays by women in the 18th century., To spring free from the ground by the muscular action of the feet and legs; to project one’s self through the air; to spring; to bound; to leap., To move as if by jumping; to bounce; to jolt., To coincide; to agree; to accord; to tally; — followed by with., To pass by a spring or leap; to overleap; as, to jump a stream., To cause to jump; as, he jumped his horse across the ditch., To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard., To join by a butt weld., To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset., To bore with a jumper., The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound., An effort; an attempt; a venture., The space traversed by a leap., A dislocation in a stratum; a fault., An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry., Nice; exact; matched; fitting; precise., Exactly; pat.
june noun The sixth month of the year, containing thirty days., The sister and wife of Jupiter, the queen of heaven, and the goddess who presided over marriage. She corresponds to the Greek Hera., One of the early discovered asteroids.
junk noun A fragment of any solid substance; a thick piece. See Chunk., Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making gaskets, mats, swabs, etc., and when picked to pieces, forming oakum for filling the seams of ships., Old iron, or other metal, glass, paper, etc., bought and sold by junk dealers., Hard salted beef supplied to ships., A large vessel, without keel or prominent stem, and with huge masts in one piece, used by the Chinese, Japanese, Siamese, Malays, etc., in navigating their waters.
jupe noun Same as Jupon.
jura noun 1. A range of mountains between France and Switzerland., The Jurassic period. See Jurassic.
jury adjective For temporary use; — applied to a temporary contrivance., A body of men, usually twelve, selected according to law, impaneled and sworn to inquire into and try any matter of fact, and to render their true verdict according to the evidence legally adduced. See Grand jury under Grand, and Inquest., A committee for determining relative merit or awarding prizes at an exhibition or competition; as, the art jury gave him the first prize.
just adjective Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not doing wrong to any; violating no right or obligation; upright; righteous; honest; true; — said both of persons and things., Not transgressing the requirement of truth and propriety; conformed to the truth of things, to reason, or to a proper standard; exact; normal; reasonable; regular; due; as, a just statement; a just inference., Rendering or disposed to render to each one his due; equitable; fair; impartial; as, just judge., Precisely; exactly; — in place, time, or degree; neither more nor less than is stated., Closely; nearly; almost., Barely; merely; scarcely; only; by a very small space or time; as, he just missed the train; just too late., To joust., A joust.
jute noun The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian Corchorus olitorius, and C. capsularis; also, the plant itself. The fiber is much used for making mats, gunny cloth, cordage, hangings, paper, etc.